Persepolis, Iran: This week’s Travel Tuesday feature! (Persepolis at sunset photo: Pourhassan, Alireza, Wiki Commons)
Literally meaning “Persian City” in Greek (Πέρσης), the ancient site of Persepolis, Iran is located about 70 km northeast of the contemporary city of Shiraz. It used to be “the ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire (Wikipedia).
It is believed that two rulers must be attributed for the construction of Persepolis, Iran: Cyrus the Great (Kūrosh), who chose its location, and Darius the Great (Daryush), who is actually responsible for the bulk of construction. This includes the terrace, the Council Hall, and great palaces. Conversely, the destruction of Persepolis is attributed to Alexander the Great and an “accidental” (or deliberate?) burning of the city.
Other Ruins on Site
Gate of All Nations – entrance on the Western Wall
Tombs of King of Kings – the name might be somewhat deceiving, as Darius the Great, Xerxes I, Artaxerxes I and Darius II are believed to be buried in Naghsh-e Rustam (about 12 km northwest of Persepolis); while Cyrus The Great’s body is believed to be buried at Pasargadae.
The Throne Hall – second largest building of Persepolis’ Terrace, right after the Apadana Palace.